Wine production and trade formed the bedrock of the economic and social progress in the Etna area from the Eighteenth Century up until the turn of the Twentieth Century, a time when the winegrowing witnessed a vast expansion, influencing investment choices, architecture, human activities, crafts, and transport. The great travellers of the Nineteenth Century described the foothills of Mount Etna as a genuine Mediterranean garden, where the vineyards carpeted the whole territory, stretching upward from the coast to the hills.

The great manor houses and the wines presses, built during that time, became features of the Etna countryside and still characterize it today.

The gradual recovery and the substantial investments made over last decade have been bringing back to life countless jewels of traditional architecture: wine cellars, terraces, dry stone walls, ancient passages between vineyards and small towers, wonderful examples of construction techniques

apparently overwhelmed by modern architectures and technologies but always present in Etna’s landscape. The revival of viticulture is repopulating the countryside with farmers, pruners, crews of workers; grapevines are coming back strong and once again covering the lands of Etna. This is once again happening after a very long time (especially since World War II) when many vineyards were abandoned by owners, both noble and not, who moved to cities or shifted their interest towards activities that were significantly more productive.

Today new socio-cultural factors are once again fostering development and the financial resources being made available by the policies of the local governments have contributed to the overall recovery process of the entire winemaking sector, from growing the grapevines, processing the grapes and marketing the wines, which have benefited from a recognition of high quality at all levels.